Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich (January 19, 1912 in Petersburg –
April 7, 1986 in Moscow) (Russian: Леонид Витальевич Канторович) was a Soviet/Russian
mathematician and economist. He is famous for his theory and development of
techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He was the winner of the
Nobel Prize in Economics in 1975.

Kantorovich worked for the Soviet government. He was given the task of
optimizing production in a plywood industry. He came up (1939) with the
mathematical technique now known as linear programming, some years before it was
reinvented and much advanced by George Dantzig. He authored several books
including The Mathematical Method of Production Planning and Organization and
The Best Uses of Economic Resources.

The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences, which he shared with Tjalling
Koopmans, was given "for their contributions to the theory of optimal allocation
of resources."

`
LIST OF NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS IN ECONOMY`

Akerlof, George A.

Allais, Maurice

Arrow, Kenneth J.

Aumann, Robert J.

Becker, Gary S.

Buchanan, James M., Jr.

Coase, Ronald H.

Debreu, Gerard

Engle, Robert F.

Fogel, Robert W.

Friedman, Milton

Frisch, Ragnar

Granger, Clive W. J.

Haavelmo, Trygve

Harsanyi, John C.

Heckman, James J.

Hayek, Friedrich August Von

Hicks, Sir John R.

Kahneman, Daniel

Kantorovich, Leonid Vitaliyevich

Klein, Lawrence R.

Koopmans, Tjalling C.

Kuznets, Simon

Kydland, Finn E.

Leontief, Wassily

Lewis, Sir Arthur

Lucas, Robert

Markowitz, Harry M.

McFadden, Daniel L.

Meade, James E.

Merton, Robert C.

Miller, Merton M.

Mirrlees, James A.

Modigliani, Franco

Mundell, Robert A.

Myrdal, Gunnar

Nash, John F.

North, Douglass C.

Ohlin, Bertil

Prescott, Edward C.

Samuelson, Paul A.

Schelling, Thomas C.

Scholes, Myron S.

Schultz, Theodore W.

Selten, Reinhard

Sen, Amartya

Sharpe, William F.

Simon, Herbert A.

Smith, Vernon L.

Solow, Robert M.

Spence, A. Michael

Stigler, George J.

Stiglitz, Joseph E.

Stone, Sir Richard

Tinbergen, Jan

Tobin, James

Vickrey, William

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